FARS AREA, Shiraz, Qashghai, Gabbeh…

Situated in southern Iran, home to various ethnic groups such as Kurds, Lurs and Arabs, Fars province is one of the most important centers of carpet production in Iran. Both kilims and carpets are produced there in variety of sizes but generally not larger than 300×200 centimeters.

Depending on the geographic location of the weavers or their ethnicity Fars carpets are classified as tribal or village carpets.

Major tribal ones are: Lori, Qashghai, Khamseh and Gabbeh. Khamseh and Qashghais are mostly marketed at the city of Shiraz, capital of the province thus called Shiraz as well.

Major village weaves are: Abadeh and Yalameh and most of the time much finer in weave compare to the tribal ones.

Khamseh (Shiraz)– rugs that are woven by group of tribal people consist of five different groups that are Ainalu, Baharlu, Baseri, Nafar and Arab. Of these, the Arabs are the most productive ones. Khamsehs have produced or are producing variety of different qualities from inexpensive commercial to magnificent pieces of superb quality. Designs are mostly geometric and made from memory.

Qashghai – Qashghais are one of the most important nomadic tribes of Iran. They weave the finest of the carpets and kilims that are produced in Fars region. They generally are better weavers than Khamseh. Most of the time colors used in such carpets that are woven by them are brighter and more vibrant. Qashghais have nomadic lives. They spent winters in planes of southern Iran and migrate to mountainous areas of west of Iran in summer. Their life depends on their animals, mainly sheep and they produce everything that is necessary to weave their carpets by themselves. Their carpets are generally wool on wool base and the dyes that are used, especially for the old ones, are obtained from plants that they gather from nature during their moves. Designs of Qashghai carpets are mostly geometric and created from memory and based on ancient traditions.Qasghais produce kilims as well. Recent products are mostly commercial but older ones are superb in quality, rare and sought after by collectors.

Lori carpets – the home land for Lors is mountainous province of Loristan but due to their nomadic lie style they spent autumns and winters in warmer planes of Fars. The carpets produced by them are generally not larger than 260×170. Larger sizes are very rare. Designs that are used in such carpets are bold geometric designs that are created from memory. Lors are divided to three major groups Qashghai Lors, Bakhtiar Lors and Lors of Ola. Qashghai and Bakhtiar Lors use lots of orange and many other bright colors whereas colors used by Lors of Ola are limited to four and of dark hues.

Gabbeh – gabbehs are woven by either Qashghais or Khamsehs in large numbers. They have been very popular in past few years specially in western markets. They are produced in wide variety of qualities, designs and sizes. Gabbehs that are produced today are very different from older ones some of which, called Shuli, and generally are very rare and collectable.

Abadeh little town of Abadeh and villages around it is famous for its fine carpets. Desing of such carpets are typically geometric and consist of numerous animal figures.

Sizes are usually not larger than three by two meters.

Warp and weft of Abadeh rugs are cotton and good quality wool is used as pile.

Yalameh named after a sub tribe of Qashghais, such carpets are now woven in the villages around Abadeh and Shahreza. The weave is usually finer than average tribal or village carpets. Very fine wool is used to make them. Main characteristic of such carpets is soft and shiny use of blue and navy and intricate geometric pattern. Warp and weft of yalamehs are mostly wool.

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